and Von Willebrand's are blood disorders which stop normal blood clotting when a
person gets a cut or bump. They are both genetic disorders; haemophilia
almost always occurs in males only but the defective gene is carried by females.
Von Willebrand's appears in both sexes. The conditions can range from severe,
where spontaneous bleeding occurs without the person receiving an injury to mild
where a severe injury causes continual bleeding.
Normal P.E. and
physical activities should be encouraged but contact sports should be avoided as
should hockey and football in older children. Swimming is to be
with these conditions tend to bruise more easily and bleed more or for longer,
there is no need to panic; children will not bleed to death if they cut
themselves. A plaster should be applied and pressure put on to a cut
for as long as necessary. If bleeding hasn't stopped in 10-15 minutes then
parents or doctor should be called. Severe cuts should be treated at hospital.
These may take longer than usual to heal.
Signs of internal
A child may be
holding a limb in an unusual position
The child may
complain of pain when moving a joint
There may be
The site of
bleeding may be warm.
The child may hold
the painful area.
The main problem is
internal bleeding caused by heavy bangs to the body, especially the head.
If a child with haemophilia receives a severe bang, he/she should be sent to
hospital as soon as possible.