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Area Index
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Special Education Needs
Types of Special Need
Autistic Spectrum Disorders
Behaviourally Challenged
Brittle Bones
Cerebral Palsy
Down's Syndrome
Emotional Behavioural Difficulties
hearing Impaired
MLD (Moderate Learning Difficulties)
Muscular Dystrophy
Specific Literacy Difficulty (Dyslexia)
Severe or Complex
Speech & Language
Spina Bifida & Hydrocephalus
Tourette's Syndrome
Visually Impaired
Medical Conditions
People and Roles
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Alternative Education
Miscellaneous Needs
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 Special Education Needs

Types of Special Need -

Cerebral Palsy

This is a disorder of movement or posture.  It is caused by damage to the area of the brain which controls movement.  Other adjacent areas can be damaged too, causing problems with sight, hearing and learning.

The degree to which a child is affected can vary greatly from mild difficulties in an arm to complete paralysis and disablement.  Speech can be affected.  Some people with cerebral palsy suffer from spasticity (muscles tense), some have involuntary jerking of the limbs and others have balance problems when walking.

Case Studies

Teaching Strategies

People who can help: SENCO/Resource Teacher: PhysiotherapistOccupational Therapist


Further Information

Enable Ireland

Challenging Behaviour and Cerebral Palsy

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