SCOTENS - Standing Conference on Teacher Education North and South - Logo   Image of SEN Children - Logo
Area Index
Home Page
Special Education Needs
Types of Special Need
Autistic Spectrum Disorders
Behaviourally Challenged
Brittle Bones
Cerebral Palsy
Down's Syndrome
Emotional Behavioural Difficulties
hearing Impaired
MLD (Moderate Learning Difficulties)
Muscular Dystrophy
Specific Literacy Difficulty (Dyslexia)
Severe or Complex
Speech & Language
Spina Bifida & Hydrocephalus
Tourette's Syndrome
Visually Impaired
Medical Conditions
People and Roles
ICT & Special Needs
Case Studies
Teaching Strategies
Alternative Education
Miscellaneous Needs
Resources & help
Student Activities

 Special Education Needs

Types of Special Need -

Down's Syndrome

Down's Syndrome is the result of having an extra chromosome in the body's genetic makeup.  The result is a distinctive appearance with sufferers having narrow eyes, a broad nose, a tendency towards a round face.  They tend to be of short stature and often overweight as they grow older.  The condition always causes learning difficulties though in varying degrees of severity.  Sufferers can also have problems with sight, hearing and heart conditions.

What to look for;

Children with Down's syndrome do not have good auditory skills but they do learn well visually.  They can learn to read well provided they are taught through a look and say method.  They do not learn well using phonics until they have grasped the first fifty words at least.  Sometimes a child with Down's can be capable of decoding words at a high level but it is important to remember that they may not be comprehending what they are reading.  Children with Down's can have problems in lessons with a high listening content such as listening to a new story, mental maths, assembly etc.

Children with Down's syndrome often use avoidance strategies if they don't wish to do something.  They tend to use social skills and attention seeking behaviour; refusing, pretending to be less capable than they are, distracting the adult etc.  They can be emotionally immature.


Case Studies  

Teaching Strategies

People who can help: SENCO/Resource Teacher


Further Information

Behaviour Information Fact Sheet

Acknowledgements & Copyright