Types of Special Need
Specific Literacy Difficulties (Dyslexia)
Three times as many males
as females affected
types of dyslexia; motor, visual and auditory.
is usually diagnosed by a psychologist based on data gathered by teachers
and parents. In order to decide whether a child has SLD/dyslexia a picture
of the whole child needs to be developed. It is likely that there will
be marked deficits in their achievements despite being of average or
Things to look out
for: problems with phonics, poor short term memory and problems with
distinguishing right and left. The child might seem bright in some ways
but with a 'block' in others. The child may have difficulty with carrying
out a sequence of three or more instructions. He/she may write letters and
numbers the wrong way round, e.g. 17 for 71, 9 for 6, b for d etc. He/she may
write a word in several ways without recognizing the correct version.
There can be confusion with left and right and he/she may have a poor sense of
rhythm. Learning about time and tense can also cause problems.
In older children
he/she may make unexpected errors reading aloud, have difficulty copying
and taking notes and spelling. He/she may have problems planning
and writing essays and with mental arithmetic. It might take him/her
a very long time to read a book with understanding. A lack of self-esteem
is often apparent.
be diagnosed at any stage in a pupil's life. For many able pupils they
are able to use coping strategies for years until the level or amount
of work increases to such a state that they can no longer cope. For pupils
with dual exceptionalities, e.g. giftedness and dyslexia this is most
People who can
help: SENCO/Resource Teacher
Articles of Interest
Power of Visual Thinking - downloadable article.
Acknowledgements & Copyright