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 Special Education Needs

Types of Special Need -


  • Try to ensure that the child is sitting in an upright position with both feet flat on the floor.

  • If possible try to give him/her a sloping surface to write on.

  • The child should be seated away from doors and windows where there might be distractions.  He/she should be close enough to hear and see instructions given by the teacher.

  • Use sheets with spaces for answers to reduce the amount of writing required.

  • Use lined paper and if possible, attach it to the desk so that the child doesn't have to hold it in place while writing.

  • Tasks should be broken down into small components

  • Repeat verbal instructions several times and keep them simple.  If possible, tape record them.

  • Use different coloured pens for each line when writing on board.

  • Avoid use of 'right' and 'left' and when giving directions try to name visually distinctive landmarks.

  • Try to indicate when lesson is nearing completion.

  • Indicate to the pupil that you will answer his/her questions but at an appropriate time, e.g. when the others have started; he/she needs to learn not to interrupt constantly.

  • Post-primary

  •  Encourage use of lists and diaries to help pupil get organized.

  •  Try to offer alternatives to team games so that pupil isn't put in a position where he/she might 'let the team down'.

  •  Help child to remember where he/she are meant to be, i.e. use of written reminders or by encouraging a 'buddy' to partner him/her between classes etc.

  •  Ensure that instructions are clear and precise.  Pupils with Dyspraxia don't always understand irony or sarcasm.

  • Pupils can often be late because of difficulties remembering where they are supposed to be; praise punctuality but don't challenge lateness, just find out why.

  •  Teach mnemonics to help short term memory - this is a good exam technique for all pupils!


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